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Alpha and Beta testing

Introduction

               At the conclusion of the software development life cycle, acceptance testing is conducted in two different ways: alpha and beta. The readiness of the product for deployment to production is verified by both kinds. Let’s delve in and learn what each sort of testing means, how to do it, the advantages it offers, and the key distinctions between the two.

What Is Alpha Testing?

               The development team is primarily responsible for the initial phase. The goal of this testing, which includes white-box testing, is to find significant flaws that might prohibit the programme from carrying out its intended functions. The QA team completes the second phase, which has as its primary objective the identification of problems using realistic user situations. The tests are executed in a testing environment, often with constrained test data sets. Fixes are typically completed rapidly since testing occurs in a testing or staging environment.

Benefits of Alpha Testing

  • Gives an early indication of the dependencies of the software.
  • Gives users more faith in the product before a beta version is made available for testing. simulates surroundings and user behavior.
  • Ability to identify design and functionality flaws early on, before they are seen by a broader audience, i.e., when the product is first released for beta testing. aids in understanding the factors that have an impact on how successfully the application will launch.
  • It offers detailed findings since it employs both black-box and white-box testing techniques.

Entry Criteria

  1. Prior to the beginning of the alpha testing phase, a few requirements must be satisfied. Which are:
  2. The capabilities are all ready for testing.
  3. The program has no known critical bugs.
  4. The test environment and QA build are prepared.
  5. The testers are well-versed in the programme being tested.

Exit Criteria

  1. Alpha test completion is determined by:
  2. Every scheduled test case has been run.
  3. Important problems have been fixed.
  4. There will be no further features.
  5. The alpha testing stage has been completed.

What Is Beta Testing?

               Beta testing is a sort of acceptance testing carried out by roles outside the development organization at a location other than the developer’s test environment. After alpha testing is finished, one of the last phases of testing—beta testing—is conducted. Its focus is on gathering customer feedback and determining if the product is ready for the market. A chosen group of end users conducts beta tests by running their typical scenarios on a beta version of the programme. During beta testing, user behavior is one factor that is investigated. The developers get all of the gathered feedback and make any necessary improvements before delivering the finished product to the public. They also ensure that it meets all needs and expectations.

Benefits of Beta Testing

  • Less costly than other methods of data collecting and offers direct user input.
  • Aids in finding bugs that were not found during earlier testing rounds (including alpha).
  • Product failure is less likely when customers are validated.
  • Beta testing can be used by the business to evaluate the post-launch infrastructure.
  • Improves client satisfaction.

Types of Beta Testing

  • Traditional beta testing: The target population is given access to the app, and all pertinent input is gathered. The product is then improved using this knowledge.
  • Public beta testing: The product is made available to everyone online, and anybody is welcome to offer input. Consumers may aid in product promotion by providing useful information and sharing it with other potential users.
  • Technical beta: Feedback is received from a group of internal beta testers, who are often workers inside the company that developed the product.
  • Focused beta: To get feedback on certain of the application’s unique features, the product is made publicly accessible. Any trait or capability might be involved, although the most evident

Entry Criteria

  1. There are a few requirements that must be satisfied before beta testing may start:
  2. The beta testing has been approved.
  3. The application’s beta version is complete.
  4. A list of known issues and the public documentation are prepared for release.

Exit Criteria

  1. In order to judge the beta phase as successful, we should take into account the following:
  2. The found bugs have been fixed.
  3. The target group’s feedback reports are ready.

Differences Between Alpha & Beta Testing

Alpha TestingBeta Testing
occurs prior to beta testingIs the last phase of testing
Performed by a team of internal employeesIs carried out by end users, who really use the product.
Occurs at the developer’s locationOccurs at the user’s location
Uses test resultsUses actual production data
Incorporates both white-box and black-box testing methodologiesOften just involves black-box testing
Evaluates the effectiveness of the applicationEvaluates how satisfied customers are with the product.
Bugs are often dealt with promptly after being discovered.Bugs are often fixed near the conclusion.

Conclusion         

               Acceptance testing increases the possibility that the completed product will please the end users, making it an important phase in the software project. If the program is tested in both alpha and beta, or even just one of the two, it may offer its users even more value.
Ref: https://www.boardinfinity.com/blog/alpha-and-beta-testing/